The Body"pp. The group reportedly drew some inspiration for its teachings from British occultist Aleister Crowleywho headed the Order of Eastern Temple from until his death inand the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawna 19th-century Rosicrucian Order Crowley belonged to briefly.
Thelmadatter, public domain The Coyolxauhqui Stone, c. Thelmadatter, public domain Inelectrical workers in Mexico City came across a remarkable discovery.
While digging near the main plaza, they found a finely carved stone monolith that displayed a dismembered and decapitated woman.
Immediately, they knew they found something special. This monolith led to the discovery of the Templo Mayor, the main Mexica temple located in the sacred precinct of the former Mexica capital, known as Tenochtitlan now Mexico City.
View of the Templo Mayor excavations today. Sometimes new construction was the result of environmental problems, such as flooding. Located in the sacred precinct at the heart of the city, the Templo Mayor was positioned at the center of the Mexica capital and thus the entire empire.
The capital was also divided into four main quadrants, with the Templo Mayor at the center. This design reflects the Mexica cosmos, which was believed to be composed of four parts structured around the navel of the universe, or the axis mundi.
Tenochtitlan modern Mexico City, Mexico. The Templo Mayor was approximately ninety feet high and covered in stucco. Two grand staircases accessed twin temples, which were dedicated to the deities Tlaloc and Huitzilopochti.
Tlaloc was the deity of water and rain and was associated with agricultural fertility. Huitzilopochtli was the patron deity of the Mexica, and he was associated with warfare, fire, and the Sun. Lauren Kilroy-Ewbank Standard bearers, photo: The Huitzilopochtli Temple In the center of the Huitzilopochtli temple was a sacrificial stone.
Near the top, standard-bearer figures decorated the stairs. They likely held paper banners and feathers. Serpent balustrades adorn the base of the temple of Huitzilopochtli, and two undulating serpents flank the stairs that led to the base of the Templo Mayor as well.
Snake balustrades and undulating serpents, stone photo: Lauren Kilroy-Ewbank But by far the most famous object decorating the Huiztilopochtli temple is the Coyolxauhqui monolith, found at the base of the stairs. Originally painted and carved in low relief, the Coyolxauhqui monolith is approximately eleven feet in diameter and displays the female deity Coyolxauhqui, or Bells-on-her-face.
Golden bells decorate her cheeks, feathers and balls of down adorn her hair, and she wears elaborate earrings, fanciful sandals and bracelets, and a serpent belt with a skull attached at the back.
Monster faces are found at her joints, connecting her to other female deities—some of whom are associated with trouble and chaos. Otherwise, Coyolxauhqui is shown naked, with sagging breasts and a stretched belly to indicate that she was a mother.
For the Mexica, nakedness was considered a form of humiliation and also defeat. She is also decapitated and dismembered.
Her head and limbs are separated from her torso and are organized in a pinwheel shape. Pieces of bone stick out from her limbs. The Coyolxauhqui Stone detailc.
|TEMPLE OF THE SUN (@templeofthesunjewellery) • Instagram photos and videos||The temple of the Sun The temple of the Sun Few people had access to this place, since that the ceremonies for the ordinary people were made on the public square, only the priest and the Inca could enter to the Temple of the Sun.|
Thelmadatter, public domain The Coyolxauhqui Stone detailc. Thelmadatter, public domain The monolith relates to an important myth: Her daughter, Coyolxauhqui, became angry when she heard that her mother was pregnant, and together with her brothers called the Centzonhuitznahua attacked their mother.
At the moment of attack, Huitzilopochtli emerged, fully clothed and armed, to defend his mother on the mountain called Coatepec Snake Mountain. Eventually, Huitzilopochtli defeated his sister, then beheaded her and threw her body down the mountain, at which point her body broke apart.
Coyolxauhqui stone reconstruction with possible original colors photo: The snake balustrades and serpent heads identify the temple as a snake mountain, or Coatepec. Ritual performances that occurred at the Templo Mayor also support the idea that the temple symbolically represented Coatepec.
During the ritual, war captives who had been painted blue were killed on the sacrificial stone and then their bodies were rolled down the staircase to fall atop the Coyolxauhqui monolith to reenact the myth associated with Coatepec.
Clearly, the decorations and rituals associated with the Templo Mayor connoted the power of the Mexica empire and their patron deity, Huitzilopochtli.
The Tlaloc Temple At the top center of the Tlaloc temple is a sculpture of a male figure on his back painted in blue and red. The figure holds a vessel on his abdomen likely to receive offerings. This type of sculpture is called a chacmool, and is older than the Mexica.
It was associated with the rain god, in this case Tlaloc.A new analysis found that the ancient Southwestern Pueblo people used the golden ratio and other geometric constructs when building the Sun Temple of Mesa Verde.
Sep 11, · In Anne Arundel County, the analysis shows that a family of four needs to make $82, to afford basic necessities; a third of families in the county live on less.
Konark Sun Temple is a 13th-century CE sun temple at Konark about 35 kilometres (22 mi) northeast from Puri on the coastline of Odisha, India.
The temple is attributed to king Narasimhadeva I of the Eastern Ganga Dynasty about Location: Konark, Odisha, India. The Sun Temple of Konark marks the highest point of achievement of Kalinga architecture depicting the grace, the joy and the rhythm of life all it's wondrous variety.
There is an endless wealth of decoration from minute pattterns in bas-relief done with a jeweller's precision to boldly modelled free standing sculptures of exceptionally large size. Security analyst and columnist Abhijit Iyer-Mitra was on Tuesday arrested for his alleged derogatory remarks against the Sun Temple and Odisha culture.
The Commissionerate Police arrested Iyer-Mitra after hours of interrogation at an undisclosed location in Bhubaneswar. Performance measurement, incentive compensation, strategic cost management, competitive industry analysis, productivity analysis, efficiency evaluation, and incentive regulation Rajiv Banker is the Merves Chair in Accounting and Information Technology at the Fox School of Business, Temple University.